The 12 Most Common Golf Swing Characteristics: S-Posture

There are 12 most common swing characteristics in a golf swing, which include:

  1. S-Posture
  2. C-Posture
  3. Loss of Posture
  4. Flat Shoulder Plane
  5. Early Extension
  6. Over-the-Top
  7. Sway
  8. Slide
  9. Reverse Spine Angle
  10. Hanging Back
  11. Casting/Early Release/Scooping
  12. Chicken Winging

In my subsequent blogs I will be going through each of these 12 in more detail. But let’s start with:

  1. S-Posture



S-Posture is characterised by too much arch in the player’s lower back in set-up. This can be due to the player sticking their tail bone out too much in their set-up position or from postural dysfunction that is evident even in their standing posture.

This excessive curvature in the lower back, or S-Posture, puts abnormally high stress on the muscles in the lower back and causes the abdominal muscles to become inhibited. This faulty posture and potential deactivation of the core muscles can cause a loss of posture or reverse spine angle during the backswing. This, in turn, puts the lower body out of position on the downswing and will affect the swings sequence of motion.

Physical Causes

Sometimes the S-Posture is actually caused by a series of muscle imbalances called a Lower Crossed Syndrome (LCS). One of the most clinically relevant patterns of muscle dysfunction is a Lower Crossed Syndrome. Simply put, Lower Crossed Syndrome is a grouping of weak muscles combined with overactive or tight muscles, that create a predictable movement pattern in the lower back, a pattern that can lead to injury.

Lower Crossed Syndrome is basically the combination of tight hip flexors and a tight lower back, paired with weak abdominals and weak glutes. This combination leads to an excessive arching or rounding of the lower back, a protruding abdomen, and a flat bottom (due to weakness in the glutes). This is a combination of muscle imbalances that causes excessive stress on the structures of the lower back.

In addition, an S-Posture can be the result of too much pelvic tilt when addressing the ball or a misunderstanding of an athletic set-up position (common in athletes who have played baseball, football and basketball).

S-Posture is best confirmed by screening the player. So if you think you may have an S-Posture then come and see Bonnie (TPI certified) at Bend + Mend in Sydney’s CBD for a Golf Physiotherapy Assessment and TPI screening.

Bonnie Broomfield

About Bonnie Broomfield

Bonnie graduated in 2013 from the University of Sydney with a Bachelor of Health Sciences and a Masters of Physiotherapy. Born and raised in Sydney, she loves her sport, particularly Netball, and is always keen to try new sports and other outdoor activities - her latest being Golf with her Golf Pro fiancé. Bonnie has a special interest in Women's Health and has completed post graduate courses through the Women's Health Training Associates (WHTA). Bonnie has also progressed her learning and skills with courses in Clinical Pilates, including Matwork, Equipment and Pre and Post Natal Pilates, Titleist Performance Institute Certification Level 1, Sports Level 1 and Dry Needling. She is passionate about helping people get back in control of their own bodies and reach their goals through using both manual therapy techniques and exercise.

Leave a Reply